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Integrated Unit – Fire Grade 10

It is a powerful force and a giver of life. Knowledge around the world is transmitted around fire and our history has been recounted in its presence. We must find balance with Fire and respect it for its strength. It is what connects us to the cosmos and reminds us that we are part of a greater Universe.

Sample Cross Curricular Integrated Unit – Grade 10

Residential Schools: Do we have the collective responsibility to respond based on controversial actions in the past and present?

Recently, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) gave its recommendations for how we are going to reconcile the past and tell the true history of Canada. One of the recommendations is that students in BC Schools are educated on the history of the residential schools in an effort towards reconciliation. What is our responsibility as Canadians in regard to this history and moving forward as a society?

View Select Resources Here

Big Idea
Political decision-making and societal change are influenced by interactions between individuals, groups, and institutions.


  • Assess the significance of people, places, events, and developments, and compare varying perspectives on their historical significance at particular times and places, and from group to group (significance)
  • Assess how prevailing conditions and the actions of individuals or groups affect events, decisions, and developments (cause and consequence)
  • Make reasonable ethical judgements about controversial actions in the past and present, and whether we have a responsibility to respond (ethical judgement)


  • Injustice, oppression, and societal change in the development of human rights
  • Conflict and cooperation in local, national, and global contexts

Activity Synopsis
Review the recommendations of the TRC in terms of education. Create an action plan for each of the recommendations.

Big Idea
The arts develop innovative thinking and problem-solving skills by encouraging multi-dimensional solutions in resolving challenges.


  • Exploring and creating
    • Develop discipline-specific vocabulary, skills, and techniques
  • Reasoning and reflecting
    • Work cooperatively to find solutions to challenges
  • Communicating and documenting
    • Experience, express, and communicate ideas and emotions through the arts
  • Connecting and Expanding
    • Create artistic works to reflect personal and cultural identity in connection with a specific time and place


  • The influence of time and place on the emergence of artistic forms
  • Traditional and contemporary Worldviews and cross-cultural perspectives as communicated through the arts

Activity Synopsis
Students will participate in the Project of Heart. They will use art to communicate with residential school survivors. They will create a mural that represents their perspective of the residential school system.

Social Responsibility

Competency Profile: Valuing Diversity

Students value diversity, defend human rights, advocate for others, and act with a sense of ethics in interactions, including online.

Sample “I” Statements:

  • With some direction, I can demonstrate respectful and inclusive behaviour.
  • I can explain when something is unfair.
  • I can advocate for others.
  • I can take action to support diversity and defend human rights, and can identify how diversity is beneficial for my community, including online.

Unit Overview:

Core Competencies are a new approach in British Columbia to Expected Learning Outcomes beyond content to developing the ‘Educated Citizen.’ They focus on Personal and Social, Thinking, and Communication. An integrated unit that interweaves these competencies is a valuable way to use learning.

The basis of this unit is rooted in the area of Social Studies. Several other curriculum strands have been incorporated to extend thinking and incorporate multiple intelligences into content delivery.

Direct content connections can include:

  • Injustice
  • Oppression
  • Societal change
  • Conflict and cooperation
  • Worldview
Aboriginal connections include:

  • Traditional governance
  • Loss of language and culture
  • Residential Schools
  • The Indian Act
Process learning connections can include:

  • Inquiry – Gathering, Analyzing, Summarizing, Predicting, and Presenting
  • Making meaning – questioning, exploring, planning and conducting

Fire Related Resources

The following resources are from the K-12 Evaluated Resource Collection accessible at

Muffins for Granny

Muffins for Granny

Grade: 10 - 12
This video tells the difficult stories of seven elders who have survived their Residential school experience. Intertwined with their testimony are images of nature, archival photos, and gra ...
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Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation: Teacher Resource Guide Grade 10

Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation: Teacher Resource Guide Grade 10

Grade: 10 - 11
This teacher resource has been developed by FNESC to support understanding of the residential school system and the damage done to First Nations People as a result of it. It contains lesson plans, blackline masters and primary source documents that teachers can use or modify to suit their own cl ...
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They Came for the Children: Canada, Aboriginal Peoples, and Residential Schools

They Came for the Children: Canada, Aboriginal Peoples, and Residential Schools

Grade: 4 - 12
Published by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, this resource is a detailed, well researched history of the Residential School experience. Through an examination of policy and through interviews with those who worked in and attended the schools, it provides readers with a clear view of what happened in residential ...
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Shannen and the Dream for a School

Shannen and the Dream for a School

Grade: 5 - 10
This is the true story of Shannen Koostachin and the people of the Attawapiskat First Nation, a Northern Cree community, who have been fighting for a new school since 1979 when a fuel spill contaminated their original school building. Shannen's fight took her all the way to Parliament Hill and was taken up by children around the world. Shannen’s dream continues today with the work of the Shannen's Dream organization and those everywhere who are fighting for the rights of Aboriginal ...
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Indian Horse

Indian Horse

Grade: 9 - 12
Indian Horse is an exploration of Canadian identity, told through the story of Saul Indian Horse, a young boy who is abandoned and placed in residential school. This novel is beautifully written and is an accurate and authentic portrayal of the impact of residential school, told by a Canadian First Nation ...
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Goodbye Buffalo Bay

Goodbye Buffalo Bay

Grade: 4 - 11
This book is a memoir of Loyie's experience in residential school and his re-entry into the world after school. The scenes of violence and abusive language are what the author has actually experienced. They support student understanding and learning of residential schools and life after residentia ...
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